GEN 3.6  SEARCH AND RESCUE

3.6.1  Responsible Services

3.6.1.1 The Aviation Search and Rescue Service in Malaysia is provided by the Civil Aviation Authority of Malaysia, in collaboration with the Royal Malaysian Air Force, Royal Malaysian Navy, Royal Malaysian Police, Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency, Fire and Rescue Department and Marine Department.
3.6.1.2 All correspondence concerning Search and Rescue (SAR) shall be addressed to:
Post:

Malaysia.
(Attn: Search and Rescue Co-ordinator)

Tel:  (+60) 3 88714000

Fax:  (+60) 3 88810530

Telex:  MA 30128

AFS:  WMKKYAYS

3.6.1.3 When SAR operations involving civil aircraft are needed, the Rescue Co-ordination Centre (RCC) / Rescue Sub Centre (RSC) will be activated within the Kuala Lumpur or Kota Kinabalu Search and Rescue Regions (SRR), the boundaries (GEN 3.6 - 7)of which coincide with the Kuala Lumpur and Kota Kinabalu FIRs. The addresses and other details of the RCCs / RSCs are provided in GEN 3.6-3.
3.6.1.4 The SAR services in the two SRRs are provided in accordance with the provisions contained in Article 25 of Chicago Convention and ICAO - Annex 12 (Search and Rescue)

3.6.2  Area Of Responsibilty

3.6.2.1 The Civil Aviation Authority of Malaysia is responsible for the overall planning and co-ordination of Aeronautical SAR (A-SAR) Operations involving civil aircraft within the Kuala Lumpur and Kota Kinabalu FIRs with the exception of accident/incident that happens in / or involving:
  1. Urban/Populated and built areas which requires emergency and disaster responses where National Security Council Directive No. 20 prevails.

  2. Within 5 NM radius of an airport/aerodrome where the Local Airport Emergency Procedures prevails.

  3. Military aircraft whereby the respective military authority procedures prevails.

  4. Border areas of Malaysia/Indonesia whereby the procedures stipulated in the Border SAR Manual of Malaysia/Indonesia prevails.

3.6.2.2 Each SAR Agency engaged in SAR operations shall be responsible for the expenses incurred by its own SRUs deployed during the SAR Mission.
3.6.2.3 Kuala Lumpur ARCC has been designated as SAR Point of Contact ( SPOC ) for the receipt of COSPASSARSAT data.

3.6.3  Types Of Service

3.6.3.1 Details of related rescue units are given on GEN 3.6 - 3 - Search and Rescue Units. The aeronautical, maritime and public telecommunications services are also available to the search and rescue organisation.
3.6.3.2  Civil Aviation Authority of Malaysia maintains air droppable survival equipment for maritime situations at the following locations:
  1. Butterworth.

  2. Subang.

  3. Kuantan.

  4. Kuching.

  5. Labuan.

3.6.3.3 The survival equipment includes inflatable life rafts, emergency rations, medical supplies, signalling equipment, radio equipment and Emergency Locator Transmitters (ELT). Each of the above location has sufficient equipment for the rescue of survivors of wide body aircraft.
3.6.3.4 Prompt and accurate information regarding all aircraft movement is essential in order to ensure the expeditious and efficient function of the search and rescue organisation. Pilots and aircraft operators are therefore requested to ensure that the appropriate organisations are immediately made aware of any circumstances that may require search and rescue operations to be initiated.

3.6.4  SAR Agreements

3.6.4.1 SAR agreements have been concluded between the Civil Aviation Authority of Malaysia and the SAR authorities of Brunei, Indonesia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand (except India, Vietnam and Myanmar. Vietnam and Myanmar are covered by ASEAN Agreements for the facilitations of search for aircraft in distress and rescue of survivors from aircraft accidents). These agreements provide for mutual assistance in the conduct of the SAR operations within each other's Search and Rescue Regions and approval for entry of SAR aircraft, vessels and personnel of one state into the SRR of the other state, with prior permission, for the purpose of conducting SAR operations or rendering SAR assistance and for direct communications between the SAR authorities or agencies on all common SAR matters.
3.6.4.2 Request for entry of aircraft, equipment and personnel from other states to engage in search for aircraft in distress or to rescue survivors of aircraft accidents should be transmitted to the Rescue Co-ordination Centre. Instructions as to the conditions and control which will be exercised for the entry of such aircraft and /or personnel will be given by the Rescue Co-ordination Centre in accordance with the standing plan for the conduct of search and rescue in the area.

3.6.5  Conditions Of Availability

3.6.5.1 The SAR service and facilities in Malaysia are available without charge to neighbouring states on opportunity basis and upon request to the Kuala Lumpur or Kota Kinabalu Rescue Co-ordination Centre or Air Traffic Control Centre. GEN 3.6 - 3 indicates the facilities and the locations at which these can be made available. The facilities indicated at a location do not always denote that the facilities are based at that location but merely indicate that the facilities can be made available if the need arises.
3.6.5.2 The SAR service can be requested direct to the Watch Supervisors of the respective Air Traffic Control Centres (ATCC) as published in GEN 3.6-3.

KUALA LUMPUR FIR

KOTA KINABALU FIR

AERONAUTICAL RESCUE CO-ORDINATION CENTRES (ARCC)

NameKuala Lumpur ARCC. NameKota Kinabalu ARCC.
Postal Address Civil Aviation Authority of Malaysia
Postal Address
Post:

Civil Aviation Authority of Malaysia
Kota Kinabalu International Airport,
Jalan Kepayan, 88618 Kota Kinabalu
Sabah
Malaysia.

Telephone

(+60) 3 78473573 (ATCC)

(+60) 3 78465860 (ARCC)

Telephone

(+60) 8 8224404 (ATCC)

(+60) 8 8224403 (ARCC)

Telefax

(+60) 3 78473572 (ATCC)

(+60) 3 78466839(ARCC)

Telefax

(+60) 8 8219170 (ATCC)

(+60) 8 8219280 (ARCC)

AFS

WMFCZRZX (ATCC)

WMKKYCYX (ARCC)

AFS

WBKKZRZX (ATCC)

WBKKYCYX (ARCC)

TelegraphTo be addressed to Air Traffic Control Centre, Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport.TelegraphTo be addressed to Air Traffic Control Centre, Kota Kinabalu International Airport.
Search and Rescue AreaKuala Lumpur FIR.Search and Rescue AreaKota Kinabalu FIR.
Responsible Authority
Post:

Civil Aviation Authority of Malaysia, Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport.

Responsible Authority
Post:

Civil Aviation Authority of Malaysia Kota Kinabalu International Airport

RemarksDirect speech circuits between ARCCs, ARSCs and related ATS Units area avbl.RemarksDirect speech circuits between ARCCs, ARSCs and related ATS Units area avbl.

AERONAUTICAL RESCUE SUB CENTRES (ARSC)

i. NameButterworth ARSC. i. NameLabuan ARSC.
Postal Address
Post:

Royal Malaysian Air Force
Butterworth Aerodrome
13050 Butterworth
Malaysia.

Postal Address
Post:

Royal Malaysian Air Force
Labuan Airport
87007 Labuan
Sabah.

Telephone Number(+60) 4 3232078Telephone NumberLabuan (+60) 8 7412236
Telefax No. +604 - 3232122 Telefax No.(+60) 8 7416560
AFSWMKBZGZX / WMKBYCYXAFSWBKLZGZX / WBKLYCYX
 
ii. NameKuantan ARSC ii. NameKuching ARSC.
Postal Address
Post:

Royal Malaysian Air Force
Kuantan Aerodrome
26070 Kuantan
Pahang Darul Makmur.

Postal Address
Post:

Civil Aviation Authority of Malaysia
Kuching International Airport
93728 Kuching
Sarawak.

Telephone(+60) 9 5381298Telephone

(+60) 8 2455572(ATCC)

(+60) 8 2453928 (ARSC)

(+60) 8 2455572 (ARSC)

Telefax(+60) 9 5381693Telefax(+60) 8 2571524/571526
AFSWMKDZGZX / WMKDYCYXAFSWBGGZGZX / WBGGYCYX
Name Location Facilities Remarks
Aircraft Marinecraft Other Units
1 2 3 4

KUALA LUMPUR SRR

Butterworth 

MRG

HEL-H

RB

RV

Para Rescue Team

  1. All Facilities at varying state of readiness and availability.

  2. Facilities will be deployed accordingly.

Terengganu  RB
RV
 
Langkawi  RB
RV
 
Kuantan 

MRG

HEL-H

RB

RV

Para Rescue Team
Subang 

SRG

MRG

VLR

ELR

HEL-H

HEL-M

RB

RV

Para Rescue Team

Jungle Rescue Team

Johor Bahru  RB
RV
 

KOTA KINABALU SRR

Kota Kinabalu 

ELR

HEL-H

RV

RB

 
  1. All Facilities at varying state of readiness and availability.

  2. Facilities will be deployed accordingly.

Kuching 

ELR

HEL-H

RV

RB

Para Rescue Team

Jungle Rescue Team

Labuan 

ELR

HEL-H

RV

RB

Para Rescue Team
Miri  RB
RV
 
Tawau  RB
RV
Jungle RescueTeam
DISTRESS FREQUENCY GUARD
FREQUENCY HOURS OF WATCH WATCH KEPT BY
500 KHz

24 hours

H + 15 to H + 18 and

H + 45 to H + 48

Telecoms Radio Station at Kuala Muda, Penang

Ships at sea

2182 KHz24 hours

Telecoms Radio Station at Kuala Muda, Penang

Ships at sea

121.5 MHz

24 hours

Ad Operating hours

Kuala Lumpur ATCC

Kota Kinabalu ATCC

All ATC units during published operational hours

243.0 MHz

Ad Operating hours

Ad Operating hours

Ad Operating hours

Butterworth ATC

Kuantan ATC

Labuan ATC

3.6.6  Procedures And Signals Used

3.6.6.1  Procedures And Signals Used By Aircraft
3.6.6.1.1 Procedures for pilots-in-command observing an accident or intercepting a distress call and/or message are outlined in ICAO Annex 12, chapter 5.
3.6.6.1.2 Ditching reports, requested by aircraft about to ditch, are given in accordance with the provision in PROCEDURES FOR AIR NAVIGATION SERVICES, METEOROLOGY, ICAO DOC 7605 - MET/526.
3.6.6.2  Communications

Transmission and reception of distress messages are handled in accordance with ICAO Annex 10 Volume II, Chapter 5, para 5.3

Information concerning positions, call-signs, frequencies and hours of operation of aeronautical stations is published in AD 2.

Rescue aircraft belonging to permanent Search and Rescue Units will use the following call-signs:

  1. Fixed Wing - 'Rescue (plus number)'

  2. Rotary Wing - 'Rescue Helicopter (plus number)'

Rescue vessels / boats will use the following call- sign:

'Rescue Boat (plus number)'

3.6.6.3  Search And Rescue Signals

The search and rescue signals to be used are those prescribed in ICAO Annex 12, Chapter 5, para 5.10. These are shown on GEN 3.6-6.

SEARCH AND RESCUE SIGNALS

Ground / Air Visual Signal Code For Use By Survivors

No Message Code symbol No Message Code symbol
1

Require assistance


4Yes or affirmative

2

Require medical assistance


5Proceeding in this direction

3

No or Negative


   

Ground / Air Visual Signal Code For Use By Rescue Units

No Message Code symbol No Message Code symbol
1

Operation completed


5Have divided in two groups. Each proceeding in direction indicated

2

We have found all personnel


6Information received that aircraft is in this direction.

3

We have found only some personnel


7Nothing found. Will continue to search

4We are not able to continue. Returning to base.

   

Instructions for use:

  1. Use strips of fabric, parachute material, pieces of wood, stones, or other available material.

  2. Make signals not less than 8 FT (2.5 m).

  3. Lay out symbols exactly as depicted to avoid confusion.

  4. Provide maximum colour contrast between signals and background.

  5. Endeavour to attract attention by other means such as radio, flares, smoke or reflected light.

Figure 114. KUALA LUMPUR, KOTA KINABALU AND ADJACENT SEARCH AND RESCUE REGIONS
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